In Branch v. Haas 7 Va. L.J. Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select. This is the article which states: By TheBlackPeterSchiff in forum U.S. Apple Computer now has more money than the Treasury. True. Consent Decree, City of Falls Church, VA and the Falls Church City Public School District - May 29, 2013 Reality cannot be overridden, even by passing a law, or by the King’s command. Should Section 1 of the 14th Amendment be changed? All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. You can pass such a law in form, of course, but it doesn’t make anyone healthy or prosperous, and only a crazy person thinks otherwise. Consent Decree, Rappahannock County, VA, including the Rappahannock County School Board and the Town of Washington - August 9, 2011 Neither the United States nor any State can pay any money for help in rebelling against the United States, and no State or the United States will pay for a lost or freed slave — in fact all such bills, obligations, and claims are not legal. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But that’s a small point. ( Log Out / A lock (LockA locked padlock) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Stipulation of Facts Consent Decree, Washington County, Virginia, including the Washington County School Board and the Towns of Abington, Damascus, and Glade Spring - September 23, 2008 It’s too bad that in the minds of otherwise perceptive people this opinion may mark me as an “intemperate” lawyer with “…wild agendas molded from bizarre political beliefs”, but I rather think the bizarre political beliefs are emanating from Congress, the White House and the New York Times. Fourteenth Amendment . We will describe each section below, but won't list the entire amendment. The third was the ability of the Attorney General to certify that specified jurisdictions also required the appointment of federal examiners. Fourteenth Amendment [U.S. Constitution] "SECTION 1. Consent Decree, City of Pinson, AL - April 20, 2012 Consent Decree, Towns of Antrim, Benton, Boscawen, Millsfield, Newington, Pinkham's Grant, Rindge, Stewartstown, Stratford, and Unity, NH - March 1, 2013 Stipulation of Facts Consent Decree, Augusta County, Virginia, including the Augusta County School Board and the Town of Craigsville - November 30, 2005 Consent Decree, Alta Irrigation District, CA - July 15, 2011 In addition, the 1965 definition of "test or device" was expanded to include the practice of providing any election information, including ballots, only in English in states or political subdivisions where members of a single language minority constituted more than five percent of the citizens of voting age. Section 4(a) of the Act established a formula to identify those areas and to provide for more stringent remedies where appropriate. The otherwise obscure constitutional provision was enacted in the wake of the civil war, mentioned briefly in a Supreme Court opinion (US v. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS Post was not sent - check your email addresses! It is a contrived Hoax. Accordingly, guidance information regarding termination of coverage under Section 4(a) of the Voting Rights Act (i.e., bailout) from certain of the Act’s special provisions is no longer necessary. I digress. But this is the temptation of government, and power generally: to dictate reality by fiat. In Section 4(f), the Act addresses the ability of those persons who are members of language minority groups identified in Section 4(f)(2), to register and vote as well as to get information relating to the electoral process in a manner that will ensure their meaningful participation in the electoral process. Amendment Text | Annotations. Official websites use .gov If you want to read the text of the amendment, go here. Fourteenth Amendment [U.S. Constitution] "SECTION 1. Fourteenth Amendment - Rights Guaranteed Privileges and Immunities of Citizenship, Due Process and Equal Protection. ( Log Out / It is like passing a law to say that everyone will be prosperous, or everyone will be healthy. Internet Explorer 11 is no longer supported. Section. The amendment, which took effect on August 5, 1984, establishes an "objective" measure to determine whether the jurisdiction is entitled to "bailout". SECTION 4. Half of these states (Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, Massachusetts, and Wyoming) filed successful "bailout" lawsuits. The second was the requirement for review, under Section 5, of any change affecting voting made by a covered area either by the United States District Court for the District of Columbia or by the Attorney General. On June 22, 2009, the Supreme Court held that any jurisdiction currently required to make Section 5 submissions may seek to "bailout" from coverage if it meets the statutory criteria set forth below. As before, Congress expanded the coverage formula, based on the presence of tests or devices and levels of voter registration and participation as of November 1972. Consent Decree, City of Wheatland in Yuba County, CA - April 25, 2013 The first of these targeted remedies was a five-year suspension of "a test or device," such as a literacy test as a prerequisite to register to vote. Microsoft Edge. Stipulation of Facts Consent Decree, Roanoke County, Virginia, including the Roanoke County School Board and the Town of Vinton - January 24, 2001 debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any Apportionment of Representation, Sections 3 and 4. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. Section 4(e) provides that the right to register and vote may not be denied to those individuals who have completed the sixth grade in a public school, such as those in Puerto Rico, where the predominant classroom language is a language other than English. Stipulation of Facts Consent Decree, City of Harrisonburg, Virginia, including the Harrisonburg City School Board - April 17, 2002 The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. It also must demonstrate that it has made constructive efforts to eliminate intimidation and harassment of persons seeking to register and vote and expand opportunities for voter participation, such as opportunities for registration and voting, and to appoint minority officials throughout the jurisdiction and at all levels of the stages of the electoral process. We recommend using Nor can we perceive any reason for not considering the expression ‘the validity of the public debt’ as embracing whatever concerns the integrity of the public obligations.”. 3. Who would buy them if they have a cloud over them? But unpayable debt will not be paid, and no “law” can make it otherwise. This document is provided for historical purposes only. But before the morons at the NY Times or in the academy or for that matter in the White House distort that idea beyond all recognition – having already largely stolen it – it’s probably important in this small corner of the universe to define terms. Section. Meaning of 14th Amendment Section 4 This is the article which states: "The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. The Supreme Court’s decision in Shelby County v. Holder, 570 U.S. 529 (2013) held that the coverage formula set forth in Section 4(b) of the Act was unconstitutional, and as a consequence, no jurisdictions are now subject to the coverage formula in Section 4(b) or to Sections 4(f)(4) and 5 of Act. Voting changes adopted by or to be implemented in covered political subdivisions, including changes applicable to the state as a whole, are subject to review under Section 5. Change ). The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. 473 (1883), a federal court decided that contracts involving Confederate debt would not be enforced, although contracts that involve Confederate currency are enforceable to prevent injustice to those who were required to accept them during the Civil War. In 1975, the Act's special provisions were extended for another seven years, and were broadened to address voting discrimination against members of "language minority groups," which were defined as persons who are American Indian, Asian American, Alaskan Natives or of Spanish heritage." Section. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. 5. This resulted in the following states becoming, in their entirety, "covered jurisdictions": Alabama, Alaska, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Virginia. The successful "bailout" applicant must demonstrate that during the past ten years: Before being allowed to "bailout", the jurisdiction must have eliminated those voting procedures and methods of elections that inhibit or dilute equal access to the electoral process. The jurisdiction seeking "bailout" must publicize the intended commencement and any proposed settlement of the action; any aggrieved party may intervene in the litigation. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. Section 4 Of The 14th Amendment (Update) This is creating quite the buzz in connection with all the hoopla over the “debt ceiling”. The Supreme Court’s decision in Shelby County v. Holder, 570 U.S. 529 (2013) held that the coverage formula set forth in Section 4(b) of the Act was unconstitutional, and as a consequence, no jurisdictions are now subject to the coverage formula in Section 4(b) or to Sections 4(f)(4) and 5 of Act. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. Sentence 1. Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment modified Article I, section 2 of the Constitution. Consent Decree, City of Sandy Springs, Georgia - October 26, 2010 has finally gotten around to trotting out “experts”. These examiners would prepare and forward lists of persons qualified to vote. slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.