Prussia's recent gains had been hard-won.
Reportedly, he wagged his finger at the man, as if to say, do not do that.
She and Joseph were surprised to find that the small territory had 120,000 inhabitants. On the death of Charlemagne in 814, Louis inherited the entire Frankish kingdom and all its possessions (the concept of successional representation was not yet well-established). The assessment of earlier research that assumed William had originally supported the contingent enfeoffment of Albert of Saxe-Wittenberg, is regarded as unfounded in more recent research. Frederick could not secure Bohemia for Charles, but he did manage to push the Austrians out of Bavaria. Despite the poor numerical odds, Nauendorf and his 50 Hussars sallied out to engage Wunsch's men.
, The validity of the renunciations were not debated in public until the French Revolution, when the National Assembly first addressed this issue in a three-day session beginning on 15 September 1789. Indeed, it is evident that the issue of the rights of the Spanish line to the French crown remained an important constitutional issue.  Knowing its poor legal grounds, Joseph negotiated a secret agreement with Charles Theodore shortly after Max Joseph's death. The Carolingians followed the Frankish custom of dividing inheritances among the surviving sons, though the concept of the indivisibility of the Empire was also accepted.
He was formally received into the Catholic Church in 1593, and was crowned at Chartres in 1594 as League members maintained control of the Cathedral of Rheims, and, skeptical of Henry's sincerity, continued to oppose him.
However, no one thought of nominating one of the daughters of three kings; to do so would recognize the right of women to the throne, and would be de facto considering the reigns of Philip V the Tall and Charles IV the Fair as nothing but a theft at the expense of Joan of France, daughter Louis X the Stubborn. Jeanne was crowned queen in 1326, in one of the better recorded French coronation ceremonies. , Joseph married Max Joseph's sister, Maria Josepha, in 1765, hoping he could claim the Bavarian Electorate for his offspring. When his small force encountered Wunsch's, which was more than triple its size, Nauendorf greeted the Prussians as friends; by the time the Prussians were close enough to realize the allegiance of the Hussars, Nauendorf and his small band had acquired the upper hand.
This state of affairs lasted over three hundred years, spanning 13 generations. In the event that the queen gave birth to a daughter, Philip undertook to renounce Navarre and Champagne in favor of the princesses, if they renounced the crown of France at the age of consent.
Valois a déjà pris le titre de régent, et en usait déjà alors que son cousin agonisait. , Prussia also expressed interest in the disposition of the duchy.
Paris' capitulation encouraged the same of many other towns, while others returned to support the crown after Pope Clement VIII absolved Henry, revoking his excommunication in return for the publishing of the Tridentine Decrees, the restoration of Catholicism in Béarn, and appointing only Catholics to high office. The French Vexin was granted away to the duke of Normandy, the duchy of Burgundy, a substantial part of the royal demesne, was given away to Robert, the king's younger brother. In this letter, Isabella claimed the crown of France for her young son Edward III, King of England, and he would be regarded as the third contender: The peers and the lawyers were studying this question: can Isabella of France transmit a right she did not have? Since Henry was a Protestant, most of Catholic France found him unacceptable. The Orléanist stand is that the laws of succession could be altered, and that among those customs and precedents is the requirement that the heir must be French.  Charles August was the presumptive heir of Charles Theodore's domains and titles. The Salic Law was reformulated under Charlemagne and still applied in the 9th century, but it slowly disappeared as it became incorporated into local common laws.
In 1389, an inheritance agreement between the Welfs and the Ascanians was concluded, the treaty of 1374 was abolished, and the Principality was finally secured for the Welfs.. Maria Beatrice of Savoy “Mary II/III” (1792 – 1840). According to the inheritance rules of the House of Welf to which William belonged, the Duke of Brunswick, Magnus II Torquatus, was entitled to succeed. This girl was suspected of illegitimacy, because of her mother's adultery with Gauthier d'Aunay, which could be dangerous for the crown of France, given the risk of particularly serious political crises because of suspicions of illegitimacy.
With Henry III's death, custody of the Cardinal fell to Navarre (now Henry IV of France), the Cardinal's nephew. King Henry formed an alliance with the powerful duke of Normandy, Robert, by granting him the French Vexin, or the lands between the rivers Epte and Oise. In keeping with Salic law, he named Navarre as his heir. In these instances, the French court had shown themselves ready to recognize that the Capetian blood right overcame the law of aubain. In a letter to her son, the Empress Maria Theresa wrote: "They say you were so pleased with Nauendorf, a rookie from Carlstadt or Hungary, who killed seven men, that you gave him 12 ducats. Maria Theresa had sent Kaunitz on a secret mission to Berlin to offer a truce.
Modern scholarship has largely imputed to Hugh the motive of establishing a dynasty against the claims of electoral power on the part of the aristocracy, but this is not the typical view of his contemporaries and even some modern scholars have been less skeptical of Hugh's "plan" to campaign in Spain. In the Treaty of Teschen (May 1779), Maria Theresa returned Lower Bavaria to Charles Theodore, but kept the so-called Innviertel, a 2,200-square-kilometer (850 sq mi) strip of land in the drainage basin of the Inn River. He preferred living in the Palatinate, with its salubrious climate and compatible social scene. If women were going to inherit, he claimed, then he should be first in line: his wife, Maria Amalia, was the daughter of Joseph I. The Juristic Basis of Dynastic Right to the French Throne. Isabella of France had a horrible reputation.
He laid plans to cross the Elbe and approach the Austrian force from the rear, but the more he examined the conditions of Joseph's entrenchments, the more he realized the campaign was already lost. But his younger brother Henry did not agree with this ruling, and after vain attempts to reach an agreement, the fight flared up again in the spring of 1388. The only remaining Bonapartist claimants since 1879, and today, have been descendants of Jérôme Bonaparte and Catherina of Württemberg in the male line.
The death of the Count of Chambord split the Legitimists in two camps. https://www.habsburger.net/en/chapter/charles-ii-and-issue-succession. He wished nothing more than to rid himself of a powerful foe and troublesome neighbour.
 For Frederick, the preservation of Charles August's inheritance was not worth a war.
On 3 January, a few days after Max Joseph's death, the ducal Equerry proclaimed Charles Theodore as Duke. Despite the campaigns between 1590 and 1592, Henry IV was "no closer to capturing Paris".
One claimant was Philip of Valois who was the son of King Philip IV’s brother Charles, count of Valois and therefore a nephew of Philip IV. , The Electress had provided him with a son, who had immediately died, but Charles Theodore's particular penchant for secret liaisons, most of whom were French actresses that he had raised to the status of countess, had produced several natural children. His cousin, Charles II August, Duke of Zweibrücken, therefore had a legitimate legal claim as Charles Theodore's heir presumptive.
Après avoir un moment reposé la question de la légitimité …