The contents of this page can freely be shared if cited as follows: molar mass and molecular weight. Calculate the molecular weight [8][9] The wood ants from the genus Formica can spray formic acid on their prey or to defend the nest. Typical reaction conditions are 80 °C and 40 atm. At one time, acetic acid was produced on a large scale by oxidation of alkanes, by a process that cogenerates significant formic acid. Formic acid 98% - 100% for LC-MS LiChropur Synonym: Formic acid, Methanoic acid, Formylic acid CAS Number 64-18-6 Linear Formula HCOOH Molecular Weight 46.03 Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1209246 MDL number MFCD00003297 200-579 The first person to describe the isolation of this substance (by the distillation of large numbers of ants) was the English naturalist John Ray, in 1671. [12], When methanol and carbon monoxide are combined in the presence of a strong base, the result is methyl formate, according to the chemical equation:[6]. [11], In 2009, the worldwide capacity for producing formic acid was 720 thousand tonnes (1.6 billion pounds) per year, roughly equally divided between Europe (350 thousand tonnes or 770 million pounds, mainly in Germany) and Asia (370 thousand tonnes or 820 million pounds, mainly in China) while production was below 1 thousand tonnes or 2.2 million pounds per year in all other continents. In Europe, it is applied on silage, including fresh hay, to promote the fermentation of lactic acid and to suppress the formation of butyric acid; it also allows fermentation to occur quickly, and at a lower temperature, reducing the loss of nutritional value. Formic Acid CH2O2 Molar Mass, Molecular Weight Chemical Elements, Periodic Table » Compound Name Formula Search » Moles to Grams Calculator » Common Compounds List » … It, or more commonly its azeotrope with triethylamine, is also used as a source of hydrogen in transfer hydrogenation. BBV-204470 8006-93-7 Formic acid, puriss., meets analytical specifications of DAC, FCC, 98.0-100 The percentage by weight of any atom or group of atoms in a compound can be computed by dividing the total weight of the atom (or group of atoms) in the formula by the formula weight and multiplying by 100. Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid, and has the chemical formula HCOOH. [21][22] There exist natural microbes that can feed on formic acid or formate (see Methylotroph). An assay for formic acid in body fluids, designed for determination of formate after methanol poisoning, is based on the reaction of formate with bacterial formate dehydrogenase. Soluble ruthenium catalysts are also effective. Using the chemical formula of the compound and the periodic table of elements, we can add up the atomic weights and calculate molecular weight of the substance. The concentrated acid is corrosive to the skin.[6]. Esters, salts, and the anion derived from formic acid are called formates. Concentrated formic acid slowly decomposes to carbon monoxide and water, leading to pressure buildup in the containing vessel.