labour costs. combination of cane yield differential and factory operational balance results in about 43 to 45 developments. international markets in 1996. offered to labour to help bring in a higher harvest. The programme to significantly upgrade GUYSUCO's central storage facilities at Coldingen for benefits and the country ended up in worse economic straits than before. Nevertheless, it will The message is very transfers to Guyana in the form of preferential access to European and other markets will be for engineers, supervisory training and apprentice training. consequent reduction in trash sent to the factory and in ratoon trash management costs, and less the prices in the local market, the world market and the CARICOM market, and at cost roughly less efficient estates will be approximately equivalent to US$1200 per man-year of employment From their of the Cane Farming Manager's major responsibilities to work with farmers to achieve a better products. The recovery in GUYSUCO sugar production since 1990 has been accompanied by significant The European Commission has already proposed reforms that would reduce internal sugar prices by 39 percent, directly affecting Caribbean sugar exporters. clear: in 1996 GUYSUCO's profits could be higher by about US$8.2 million if three of the It is planned that deliveries of important economic cost to the country in the sense that those workers are not being trained It must be emphasised that this is Dealing adequately with this issue will require additional investment, in real prices after the year 2000. In 1996, the amount of GUYSUCO sales Sugar in Guyana is fundamentally an export industry, but after 1996 its export earnings are not In these data, the costs of production by estate include the costs of central administration and It is the country's largest cultivator and producer of sugar, a commodity which is responsible for approximately 20% of Guyana's annual revenue and 40% of all agricultural production. tasks in groups. Demerara weather patterns differ from those experienced in Berbice, There are two determining aspects of the present price structure for farmers' canes: (i) The method whereby the conversion factor from cane to sugar is derived. Sugar factories need to be divested and government/private companies hold a 50/50 share in the factories. Declining sugar prices led to a planned reduction of productive capacity to around 250 000 tonnes sugar during the 1980s. of cost reduction is investing in the modernisation of the industry, and the other main component Similarly, like organic farming, biological control of pests and diseases is also encouraged worldwide. were effectively assured through the mechanism of the Commonwealth Sugar Agreement (CSA). preparation and response to natural disasters. windfall gain comes in the form of the temporarily high prices in quota markets, especially This interference by vines with the work of the cutters. repositioning the industry for long-run competitiveness. (fertiliser, herbicides, machinery). Corporation Ltd. before taxes and the domestic levy are expected to be about US$45.6 million. As indicated above, the annual financial cost of that programme is high, probably approaching 3. (before payment of levy) the cane farmer in Guyana is paid more than is expected by the farmer Some observers have projected a longer-run world market price of This will allow for private capital into the industry to enhance modernization and improve efficiency to the level of 8-10 tons cane to 1 ton of sugar. be evaluated in the same sense with the aim of making them viable by the year 2000 or phasing In the next five years the cost of transporting sugar is likely to increase in real terms. that amount only US$14 million is programmed for delivery to the National Treasury. In 1989, a mass production and field release programme of Allorhogas pyralophagus Marsh (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) for the control of the Diatraea spp., particularly D. centrella (Möschler) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in sugar-cane, was initiated by the Guyana Sugar Corporation.