Each state was generally named after the ruler's residence, e.g., the rulers of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel originally lived in Wolfenbüttel. In 1070, Welf IV became duke of Bavaria. The subordinate states that were repeatedly created, and which had the legal status of principalities within the duchy (officially remaining an undivided imperial fief) were generally named after the residences of their rulers. The senior line of the dynasty had ruled the much smaller principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, created the sovereign Duchy of Brunswick in 1814. Coat of Arms of the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1708). In 1269 the Principality of Brunswick was formed following the first division of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
The first member was Welf IV; he inherited the property of the Elder House of Welf when his maternal uncle Welf III, Duke of Carinthia and Verona, the last male Welf of the Elder House, died in 1055. The House of Welf is the older branch of the House of Este, a dynasty whose earliest known members lived in Lombardy in the late 9th/early 10th century, sometimes called Welf-Este. The subordinate states had the legal status of principalities within the duchy, which remained as an undivided imperial fief. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. In 1495 it was expanded around Göttingen and in 1584 went back to the Wolfenbüttel Line. Her offspring belong to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: in 1917 the name was changed to the House of Windsor.

The House of Welf (also Guelf or Guelph ) is a European dynasty that has included many German and British monarchs from the 11th to 20th century and Emperor Ivan VI of Russia in the 18th century.

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Whenever a branch of the family died out in the male line, the territory was given to another line, as the duchy remained enfeoffed to the family as a whole rather than its individual members. Coat of Arms of the Hanoverian Kings of Great Britain (1714-1801), Principality of Calenberg - later Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, https://familypedia.wikia.org/wiki/House_of_Welf?oldid=1050923. Colloquially the Electorate was known as the Electorate of Hanover. Frederica's brother Prince George William of Hanover married Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark, sister of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

From their marriage descended Dukes of Bavaria and Saxony, and the later Dukes of Braunschweig and Kings of Hanover and Great Britain. Closely related to the Carolingian dynasty, it consisted of a Burgundian and a Swabian group. [1] He was the only Welf to become emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.