Golpur railway station (Urdu: گول پور ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. He abandoned his troops whilst they regrouped to continue fighting until they were defeated. Jaman Shah railway station (Urdu: جمان شاہ ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. This lake is formed due to the absence of drainage in the range.Sakaser, the highest mountain in the Salt Range at 1,522 metres (4,993 ft), looms over the lake. Baghdad railway station (Urdu: بغداد ریلوے اسٹیشن‎) is located in Pakistan. Kanjwani railway station (Urdu: کنجوانی ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. Bhurban Heliport is a heliport located in Bhurban, Pakistan. After independence, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while Muslim refugees from India settled in the Western Punjab and across Pakistan, having fled pogroms that almost entirely depopulated Eastern Punjab of its Muslim population.[55]. The city of Sirkap founded by Demetrius combines Greek and Indian influences without signs of segregation between the two cultures. Four districts of Indian state of Punjab – Amritsar, Tarn Taran, Gurdaspur, and Pathankot. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals. The most important urs are: urs of Data Ganj Buksh at Lahore, urs of Sultan Bahu at Jhang, urs of Shah Jewna at Jhang, urs of Mian Mir at Lahore, urs of Baba Farid Ganj Shakar at Pakpattan, urs of Bahaudin Zakria at Multan, urs of Sakhi Sarwar Sultan at Dera Ghazi Khan, urs of Shah Hussain at Lahore, urs of Bulleh Shah at Kasur, urs of Imam Bari (Bari Shah Latif) at Rawalpindi-Islamabad and urs of Shah Inayat Qadri (the murrshad of Bulleh Shah) in Lahore. The Chief Minister of Punjab (CM) is elected by the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab to serve as the head of the provincial government in Punjab, Pakistan. Later it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 327 BC, it subsequently became part of the Maurya Empire and then the Indo-Greek Kingdom. The main site in Punjab was the city of Harrapa. In 1947 the Punjab province of British India was divided along religious lines into West Punjab and East Punjab. Taxila University is one of the oldest known universities in the world and it was the chief learning centre in ancient India. Sukho railway station (Urdu: سکھو ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. Punjab was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, more than 4000 years ago.[32]. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. The other minorities include Ahmadiyya, Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis and Baháʼís. Unlike neighbouring India, there was no large-scale redistribution of agricultural land. [35][36][37] Agriculture flourished and trading cities (such as Multan and Lahore) grew in wealth. The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. Due to its saline water the lake is lifeless, but offers picturesque scenery. Gandhara existed since the time of the Rigveda (c. 1500–1200 BC),[39][40] as well as the Zoroastrian Avesta, which mentions it as Vaēkərəta, the sixth most beautiful place on earth, created by Ahura Mazda. In the South, Punjab's elevation reaches 2,327 metres (7,635 ft)[citation needed] near the hill station of Fort Munro in Dera Ghazi Khan. The Achaemenid Persian empire included Gandhara and western Punjab, administered through the satrapies of Gandāra, Hindush and Sattagydia. Nur Shah railway station (Urdu: نور شاہ ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. [4][5] Punjab is also the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India. Are we to live or perish forever? Syed Ahmad Barelvi was an Indian Muslim who declared Jihad against the Sikhs by garnering support from local Pashtun tribesmen and attempted to create an Islamic state with strict enforcement of Sharia. The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری‎) and communities. "[28] The Persians later referred to the region as Punjab after the Muslim conquests, which also means "Land of the five rivers. It is also dominant in the manufacturing sector, though the dominance is not as huge, with historical contributions ranging from a low of 44% to a high of 52.6%. Hot weather (April to June) when temperature rises as high as 110 °F (43 °C). Ranjit Singh expanded his empire so that by his death in 1839 his empire included most of Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Kashmir. In the mid-fifteenth century, the religion of Sikhism was born. [80] Its share of Pakistan's GDP was 54.7% in 2000 and 59% as of 2010. In December 1826 Sayyid Ahmad Barelvi and his followers clashed with Sikh troops at Akora Khattak, with no decisive result. The shrine of Heer Ranjha in Jhang is one of the most visited shrines in Punjab. Gandhara's culture peaked during the reign of the Kushan ruler Kanishka the Great (128–151). There are a number of folk tales that are popular in different parts of the Punjab. [73] The list of thinktanks, political organisations, cultural projects, and individuals that demand authorities at the national and provincial level to promote the use of the language in the public and official spheres includes: The population of Punjab (Pakistan) is estimated to be 97.21% Muslim with a Sunni Hanafi majority and Shia Ithna 'ashariyah minority. Charnali railway station (Urdu: چھرنالی ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. A specimen of the sixteenth century tile-work at Lahore is the tomb of Sheikh Musa Ahangar, with its brilliant blue dome. Sumbal Hamid railway station (Urdu: سمبل حامد ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. Ludewala railway station (Urdu: لوڈےوالا ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. The fairs and festivals of Punjab reflect the entire gamut of its folk life and cultural traditions. Burj railway station (Urdu: برج ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. [31] Tools up to two million years old have been recovered in the potohar plateau. It is the nation's only province that touches every other province; it also surrounds the federal enclave of the national capital city at Islamabad. The undivided Punjab region was home to six rivers, of which five flow through Pakistan's Punjab province. The Sikh World: An Encyclopedia Survey of Sikh Religion and Culture: Ramesh Chander Dogra and Urmila Dogra; Khawar Mumtaz, Yameema Mitha, Bilquis Tahira (2003) Pakistan: Tradition and Change. Punjab was part of both classical Western Eurasian empires including the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Kushan, Greco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek and Hindu Shahi empires, as well as Indo-Gangetic (North Indian) empires such as that of the Maurya and Gupta. Mitha Lak railway station (Urdu: میٹھا لک ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. They also include Baits, Dohas, Lohris, Sehra, and Jugni.[99]. This is a chart of the education market of Punjab estimated by the government in 1998. The Majha region of historical Punjab region spans northward from the right banks[note 1] of river Beas, and extends up to river Jhelum at its northmost,[2] making it the largest regions of historic Punjab. Climatically, Punjab has three major seasons:[60]. The culture of Punjab derives its basis from the institution of Sufi saints, who spread Islam and preached and lived the Muslim way of life. Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialised rapidly. In 1758 Raghunath Rao, the general of the Hindu Maratha Empire, conquered Lahore and Attock. Taxila is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, valued for its archaeological and religious history. The northwestern part of South Asia, including Punjab, was repeatedly invaded or conquered by various mighty foreign armies throughout history, including those of Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Timur, Nadir Shah and others. Ukmediacentre.pwc.com. [52], Maharaja Ranjit Singh's death in the summer of 1839 brought political chaos and the subsequent battles of succession and the bloody infighting between the factions at court weakened the state. ", "This shows that Taxila was a seat not of elementary, but higher, education, of colleges or a university as distinguished from schools. Behal railway station (Urdu: بہل ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎) is located in Pakistan. Cotton and rice are important crops. List of Five Rivers of Punjab. Univ, GNDU, Symbiosis), "Rigveda 1.126:7, English translation by Ralph TH Griffith", Advanced Study in the History of Modern India: 1707 – 1813 – Jaswant Lal Mehta – Google Books, The Fall of the Moghul Empire of Hindustan, "Now or Never. Punjab's landscape consists mostly consists of fertile alluvial plains of the Indus River and its four major tributaries in Pakistan, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej rivers which traverse Punjab north to south – the fifth of the "five waters" of Punjab, the Beas River, lies exclusively in the Indian state of Punjab.