Here in part 1, we introduce gerunds and infinitives and explain the basics of everyday usage. If you’re not sure whether you need to use a present participle or a gerund, imagine swapping the gerund for another simple noun – does the sentence still make grammatical sense? The following guidelines and lists will help you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed. As you read these examples of gerunds, notice the verbs they contain, and notice that every single one of them ends in ing. Gerunds can follow a preposition; infinitives cannot. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here) Here's my video on the subject: We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing; After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving Te cuento mi experiencia!
Italian gerund is the Italian equivalent of English verbs that end in –ing. What are Gerunds? Present participles do not act as nouns. Like all things grammar, gerunds do take a tiny bit of detective work to spot. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing."
1. It is important to recognise that the word "to" is a preposition in these cases because it must be followed by a gerund. Phrasal verbs are composed of a verb + preposition or adverb.
In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. Let’s take a look at some gerunds in action: “I enjoy writing – it’s my favourite hobby.”. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund.
Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. Besides being able to spot gerunds, you should be able to tell the difference between a gerund and a present participle. Some verbs are followed by infinitives. The problem here is that present participles also end with the letters ing. Object of a transitive verb.
Some verbs are followed by a pronoun or noun referring to a person, and then an infinitive. You might notice that a gerund takes the same form as the present participle of a verb – but it has a different meaning! My students often get very confused by the use of “being” and “having” as gerunds. There are no exceptions to this rule. Although it looks like a verb, a gerund always follows the same rules as you would with a noun –it can be used as a subject just like any other noun. Remember that gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. The gerund is necessary after the expressions can't help, can't stand, to be worth, & it's no use. In the same way, when using a phrasal verbs, you must also use the gerund. Following a verb (gerund or infinitive) Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. In English, both gerunds and infinitives can be used to talk about the reason why we use or do something.. Let’s begin with an example. Can you touch your toes without bending your knees? All Rights Reserved
Due to this characteristic as a noun, it can appear as a subject, object, or predicative expression. An infinitive is the "to" form of the verb. They’re very easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb with ing tacked to its tail.
Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. Gerund Examples. What are Gerunds and How Do You Use Them? Learning to use gerunds and infinitives can feel a bit overwhelming at first. Object of a transitive verbObject of a preposition . or possessive pronouns (‘my, your, his’, etc.). Written by Martine Johnston, International Student Centre. For example, “eat” is changed to “eating”, or “write” is changed to “writing”. Gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that can take the place of a noun in a sentence. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. Let’s go back to the definition of a gerund for a moment.